Moroccan Argan Oil
From Argan Tree to 'Liquid Gold'
Argania Spinosa (Argan) is an endemic tree that is only found in the Southwestern region of Morocco, and the argan trees can live up to 200 years. The Berbers used the Argan Oil for centuries, and it is also known as, "Morocco's Liquid Gold." In medieval Arabic pharmacological sources, the tree is known as harjān, a distortion of the Berber word argan.
The Argan forests cover about 8,280 km square in Morocco and are designated as UNESCO biosphere reserve in 2014. On average, each argan tree produces 140kg of fruit annually. The amounts vary and are highly dependable on rainfall. 70kg of fruit will yield about 5kg of the kernel, and 5kg of the kernel will result in only 2L of argan oil. This means that each tree will produce an average of 4L of argan oil annually.
Moroccan Argan Oil is famous for its gastronomic, and cosmetic properties and it is produced by female-owned cooperatives. It can take up to 20 hours to crack open the argan kernels in order to extract and produce 1 litre of oil laboriously done by moroccan women.